Like most people, you probably think of osteoporosis as a problem that only affects women. However, men can also suffer from this bone-weakening disease. One in four men over the age of 50 will develop osteoporosis. This condition can lead to several serious health problems, including fractures and death. You can do several things to help prevent osteoporosis, including exercising regularly, eating a healthy diet, and quitting smoking. If you are already at risk for osteoporosis, talk to your doctor about taking medication to help protect your bones. If you already have the condition, book an appointment with a Boca Raton osteoporosis specialist for treatment. We look at some of the most effective treatment options for osteoporosis in this article.
1. Hormone Therapy
Hormone therapy is a type of drug known as androgen. When taken regularly, it can help ease the pain associated with osteoporosis and increase bone mineral density (BMD). Studies show that BMD increases by about 15 percent in men who take this medication for three years. The most common form of hormone therapy is testosterone replacement therapy (TRT). This involves taking a synthetic form of testosterone either by injection or as a patch or gel.
Some potential side effects of hormone therapy include mood swings, acne, and an increased risk of heart attack and stroke. However, for most men, the benefits of this treatment outweigh the risks.
Biphosphates are a type of drug that is used to treat osteoporosis. They work by slowing down the breakdown of bone tissue. This can help increase BMD and reduce the risk of fractures.
Biphosphates come in both oral and intravenous forms. This medication’s most common side effects include nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, and heartburn.
Denosumab is another type of drug that can help treat osteoporosis. This medication works by preventing bone cells from dying. As a result, it helps keep bones strong and healthy. Studies show that BMD increases by about 5 percent in people who take this medication for at least two years.
Several supplements are also effective at treating osteoporosis. While these medications don’t have any dangerous side effects associated with biphosphates and denosumab, they often take longer to work.
Calcium is an essential mineral that helps maintain bone strength. As a result, it can help treat osteoporosis. In addition, vitamin D is also essential for healthy bones. Magnesium and boron are two other minerals beneficial for people with osteoporosis.
Exercise is an integral part of preventing and treating osteoporosis. When done regularly, it can help increase BMD and reduce the risk of fractures. Several types of exercise can benefit people with osteoporosis, including weight-bearing exercises and resistance training.
For example, the Cleveland Clinic recommends doing three sets of ten reps for each type of exercise every week. Studies show that this routine can help improve balance and increase muscle strength in people with osteoporosis.
To summarize, osteoporosis can lead to several serious health problems, including fractures and even death. Some of the most effective ways to manage the condition include exercise, hormone therapy, supplements, and medications such as biphosphates and denosumab.