It is that the eternal question: is there any efficient treatment to scale back melasma? And it’s that this benign coffee-with-milk stain is the concern of the many women, since it’s an excellent capacity to reappear once treated.
In addition, its origin is related to a awfully daily act, like sun exposure, or perhaps with certain hormonal changes, especially people who occur thanks to pregnancy , so its presence is extremely frequent during this group
What is melasma?
Melasma, also referred to as chloasma or “pregnancy mask” (because of its similarity to a dark mask on the face), could be a condition that manifests itself within the style of skin hyperpigmentation and consists of the looks of dark and irregular spots on the skin. .
These are normally located within the areas most exposed to the sun, especially on the face (nose, cheekbones, forehead, upper lip and chin), neck and forearms, although it can even affect other areas of the body. Body.
This skin pathology, rather more common in women than in men, isn’t harmful, so it’s simply considered an aesthetic issue.
Types of melasma
Dermatologists use Wood’s light to see the patient’s kind of melasma, which falls into the subsequent classification:
Epidermal melasma: it’s brown in color with very well-defined borders. it’s a sort of melasma that affects the foremost superficial layer of the skin.
Dermal melasma: its spots are bluish-gray in color and, unlike epidermal melasma, its area of action is concentrated on the deepest layers of the skin.
Mixed melasma: also called combined melasma, as its name suggests, it’s a mix of the 2 previous conditions, therefore the skin spots have a grayish-brown appearance.
Causes of the looks of melasma
As we’ve seen in multiple articles on our blog, melanin is that the pigment that defines our complexion. And it’s the rise during this substance that causes this particular condition. Although it’s currently unknown why this increase in melanin occurs, it’s true that there are various triggering factors that are associated with the looks of melasma:
Changes in hormone levels , caused by the utilization of oral contraceptives and people caused by pregnancy .
Intense sun exposure and ultraviolet radiation. Obviously, overexposure to the sun without taking the precautions recommended by specialists has negative consequences within the short and future, for instance, spots on the skin .
genetic predisposition. Genetic inheritance is one among the most causes why people can develop this kind of skin blemish .
How to prevent melasma?
The most effective measure when it involves preventing the looks of melasma or reducing its severity is to avoid, as far as possible, the factors mentioned within the previous section.
Apply an honest sunscreen throughout the year , which is capable of protecting you from both UVA and UVB rays (FP 50 or more). The frequency of use is additionally important, especially in summer, since you must apply it every 2 hours at the most and after each bath.
Avoid sun exposure during the foremost harmful hours , that is, from 11 a.m. to 4 p.m. Also, if you would like to tan your skin in an exceedingly healthy way and forestall the looks of spots, you ought to bang progressively.
Follow a diet and healthy lifestyle habits , with the aim that your skin acquires more defenses against the sun. To do this, include foods with antioxidants and vitamins for the skin like B, C or E in your dishes . it’s also essential that you simply drink lots of water to stay your entire body hydrated. Triluma Cream 15 gm for Melasma and Tretinoin Cream 0.025 for Acne.
Take special care if you’re under medical treatment and take a photosensitive drug once you are exposed to the sun’s rays since the chance of suffering injuries is multiplied.
How to treat melasma?
Before getting in the matter, we insist yet again on the requirement to travel to a specialist to test our skin periodically or whenever we detect any skin condition. Obviously an optimal diagnosis is essential for the treatment to come back to fruition.
The best treatment is prevention, but if melasma has already made its presence known on your skin, don’t be concerned, there are some therapies (both topical and physical) that will help reduce it.