How Does CBD Work in The Body?

CBD is believed to help people with diseases like epilepsy and other neurological problems. Even children with severe cases of autism have responded well when they used CBD. So, it’s not a wonder that CBD is a popular supplement being sold these days. Buy CBD wholesale products here.

But, how does CBD work inside the body?  Before you read CBD oil reviews or buy different CBD products, it’s important to answer that question. In this article, you’ll learn what CBD is and understand how it affects your body.

What Is CBD?

CBD is the short term for cannabidiol, which is an extract from the cannabis plant. CBD is the second most prevalent compound found in cannabis and is considered an essential component of medical marijuana. Most people would be familiar with tetrahydrocannabinol or THC as the major active ingredient of marijuana. But, unlike THC, CBD is not psychoactive.

As described by edinburgharchitecture, Cannabidiol was an unknown phytochemical found in 1940. It is one of the 112 identified natural substances in plants. It accounts for more than 40% of the active plant’s extract in cannabis plants.

One of the most popular types of CBD products come in the form of topical lotions and balms. There are also CBD products that are taken orally, like gummies and oral supplements. Some people also take CBD oils orally to fully experience the compound’s benefits.

CBD is believed to have powerful anti-inflammatory properties and relieve pain, like arthritis. Some other studies on the benefits of CBD are being conducted to look at using this medicinal herb in people with medical conditions associated with movements, such as diabetes, Parkinson’s disease, and multiple sclerosis. It has also been studied about depression and other psychiatric conditions.

Understanding The Endocannabinoid System

Before you can understand how CBD works inside the body, you need to be acquainted with the endocannabinoid system.

The endocannabinoid system, a crucial but poorly understood chemical regulatory network, is involved in controlling physiological processes and physiological functions by interacting with several target genes. It is believed that the endocannabinoid system controls the secretion and synthesis of neurotransmitters and other substances that affect physiological functions, such as mood, appetite, sleep, memory, learning, and behavior.

The endocannabinoid system has three major components. These are:

  1. Endocannabinoids

The endocannabinoids are also called the endogenous cannabinoids. These are molecules made by the body and have a similar feature to cannabinoids. There are two endocannabinoids: anandamide (AEA) and 2-arachidonoylglyerol (2-AG). Endocannabinoids help keep the internal functions of the body running properly. The body produces these molecules as needed, so it’s difficult to assess the typical levels in one person.

  1. Endocannabinoid receptors

These receptors are found in different areas of the body. These receptors are essential because they give the brain the go signal to produce endocannabinoids.

The body has two main endocannabinoid receptors. These are:

  • CB1 – receptors that are mostly found in the central nervous system
  • CB2 – receptors that are usually found in the immune cells and peripheral nervous system

The endocannabinoids bind to these receptors, and the effects depend on where the receptor is located.

  1. Enzymes

Enzymes help break down endocannabinoids after they carried out their function. Two enzymes are responsible for this task. First is the fatty acid referred to as amide hydrolase, which breaks down AEA, and the second one is monoacylglycerol acid lipase that’s tasked to break down 2-AG.

According to a study, the endocannabinoid system is linked to these body functions:

  • Appetite
  • Metabolism
  • Chronic pain
  • Mood
  • Sleep
  • Bone growth
  • Stress
  • Cardiovascular function
  • Muscle formation

It’s important to understand how the endocannabinoid system works as it’s believed that CBD triggers the receptors to help in different ways.

How Does CBD Work Inside Your Body?

As mentioned before, CBD doesn’t have psychoactive effects that will make you feel high. It’s also not as addictive as THC. This is the reason why many people use this compound.

Some studies show that CBD may be able to reduce chronic pain by interacting with neurotransmitters and triggering endocannabinoid receptor activity. CBD works directly with the endocannabinoid system by intercepting both the CB1 and CB2 receptors responsible for transmitting messages to the central nervous system. The action may help reduce inflammation, which is the primary cause of pain.

When CBD is present at high concentrations, it may activate the 5-HT1A (hydroxytryptamine) serotonin receptor. This is because CBD has a strong affinity for the 5-HT1A receptor. When this happens, the brain produces serotonin, which is known to provide a calming and positive effect. This is the reason why CBD is believed to manage anxiety symptoms.

CBD also functions as an antagonist that deactivates the G protein-coupled receptor, also known as the orphan receptor, expressed in the brain’s cerebellum. This modulates certain processes, like blood pressure and bone density. When G protein receptors are overactive, it can cause bone problems, like osteoporosis. By blocking this receptor’s overactivity, CBD helps decrease bone reabsorption and the proliferation of abnormal cells.

CBD is also believed to help improve skin conditions, like acne, because of its anti-inflammatory properties. The substances work with the receptors in the endocannabinoid system to normalize the production of sebum. Overproduction of oils is one of the causes of acne. That is why it would greatly help if this is regulated to prevent it from forming into acne.

Summary

Many people are beginning to explore the many different types of CBD products on the market today. People are becoming more aware of the experienced benefits of this all-natural substance. Many people who suffer from a range of health conditions, including chronic pain, epilepsy, cancer, and MS, find that using CBD may help alleviate their symptoms.

CBD affects the endocannabinoid system inside the body by binding with receptors responsible for pain and inflammation. This is the reason CBD is believed to help with pain management. Aside from that, it also helps produce serotonin, which is a neurotransmitter responsible for mood. With that, CBD is also used to provide stress relief and may manage anxiety symptoms.

Since CBD works with the many receptors inside the body, many people are enjoying its benefits. However, you need to know that there may be side effects to using this compound. It’s important to seek your healthcare provider’s advice before using CBD to help manage different conditions or for improved health.

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