Pet owners need to improve the genetic health of their animals by looking into genetic diversity. A DNA test is effective in identifying the breed type. It is an effective method of making accurate diagnostic and breeding decisions. A DNA test will enlighten you about whether the pet carries any genetically related diseases. You will identify the pet’s ancestry, especially for mixed breeds. Studies show that that pure breeds are more prone to diseases than crossbreeds. The technology involved in DNA tests for humans is very similar to the one done in pets, with exceptions like the microarray chips used for the canine genome.
Key benefits of having your pets undergo a DNA test
Genetic testing is an accurate way of ascertaining your pet’s breed. Suppose the pet has any health risks that are inherited? A DNA test like that of Orivet canine breed identification that includes a health screening will make you discover the disease early in time. You will also ascertain the percentages of every breed that makes up your pet’s DNA. However, some diseases have been difficult to detect through pet DNA testing even though they are breed-related health conditions like Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy, von Willebrand disease, MDR1 sensitivity and Progressive retinal atrophy.
You will understand your pet’s personality and physical traits. Every breed carries different characteristics concerning temperament, energy levels, the colour of the eyes, amount of body fur and size. It will help keep your pet happy by knowing their strengths. You can identify a favourable training method for the breed. Knowing your pet’s breed will make you know the kind of diet to give and have an accurate care plan to prevent health complications.
Accuracy of the DNA test
It depends on the kind of test done. The test’s purpose, which is found in the relevant questions about the animal and the complexity of the pet’s genes, dictates how accurate the result will be. For instance, tests for traits are dependent on a single gene, called monogenic traits. Trait tests give more reliable results because you can ascertain the disease-causing the mutation or another trait if present.
How to do the DNA tests
The tests can be done through a blood test or, most preferably, a swab cheek test to get saliva. The tests aim to collect samples cells from your pet. For the swab cheek test, you smoothly run a small nylon brush inside the pet’s cheek to get epithelial cells in the saliva. The cells will be subjected to the DNA test. A blood test is also done, especially where large amounts of DNA are required for the test. However, the blood test is avoided for fear of upsetting the pet. Most pet owners prefer the swab cheek test as it is very simple.
Another way of testing DNA is using dog poop, where a faeces sample is tested. Again most homeowners find this method a bit too involving. Orivet has DNA Test kits that offer veterinaries and home breeders services like screening of traits, genetic diseases, parentage details, and coat colours. The kits also give you recommendations on the nutrition of puppies and ways of boosting their healthcare.