Applied Behavior Analysis is considered to be a science-based therapy of learning the behavioral changes in one’s personality. It is also known as behavioral engineering which requires scientific techniques to apply various observed and calculated approaches on the respondents. This method helps in changing and conditioning the behavior of social significance.
Having to analyse one’s behavior helps the professionals to understand how different minds work along with how different minds are affected by the environment or situations. This also ensures learning new perspectives and teaches how it takes place.
In short, the therapy of Applied Behavior Therapy helps in grasping the ideas that are helpful and productive and discourages the ideas and behaviors that are harmful or toxic. The complete focus of ABA therapy is to enhance one’s behavior in a meaningful way.
How ABA Therapy Helps With The Help Of Different Strategies?
The ABA therapy programs help an individual to learn and increase their grasp over language and communication skills with confidence. It helps in improving one’s attention towards likely or unlikely situations along with focus over social skills or academics.
With ABA therapy, a person is disencourage to develop or fuel toxic or negative traits in their behaviour. This approach helps in decreasing overall behavioral issues that create problems.
Furthermore, it is well-known that the methods for behavioral analysis have been looked upon and studied for decades. They help keen learners to gain beneficial skills including the ability to live a healthy lifestyle with productivity and purpose along with learning new languages.
ABA therapy is widely used by therapists and professionals for children and adults with autism and other related developmental disorders. It helps slow learners to adapt and understand what their needs and requirements are as a unique or different person. These therapies are offered at various community centres, schools, and at-home tuitions. It involves one to one teaching and group teaching based on the strategies and requirements of the subject.
Applying The Strategy Of Positive Reinforcement
ABA is a flexible and comfortable treatment if done appropriately. It needs positive reinforcement as one of the very main strategies in the therapy.
Certainly, when a person is rewarded or appreciated for their change in behavior or good behavior, they are more likely to follow the right technique and behavior with time. This is how positive behavior change is encouraged.
For a therapist to create a strategy, they first identify a behavior and then set a goal. Each time an individual uses the strategy to get successful in changing and enhancing their behavior, they get appreciation and a reward. The more meaningful the reward is, more success will be seen.
Understanding Antecedents and Consequences of Behavior Change | The A-B-C
Antecedents in behavior change approach means understanding how a behavior has occurred in the first place. It is important for the understanding of consequence that led to the change in behavior along with determining an important part that is what happens after the behavior.
In addition, the Applied Behavior Therapy program helps in teaching and understanding the method with the antecedental and consequential method. It consists of three major steps.
- Anything that occurs before the behavior change is antecedent. Anything can trigger this behavior be it verbal such as a request, command, scold, etc.Apart from that, a behavior can also be triggered physically by any person, thing, or environment. In short, it is related to feelings and thoughts even if they are internal or external.
- A change in behavior is an individual’s response to antecedent after a triggering incident or situation. The behavior could either be verbal, physical or something else.
- Consequence is the last step that needs consideration which can help in positive change. It shows directly after behavior. A therapist must ensure to stay firm with patience and tolerance to apply positive reinforcement strategy at the right time to the desired behavior.
This method for ABA therapy is called A-B-C. This helps in better understanding of the behavior and how different consequences can work for different individuals. Learn more about ABA here.
What Does An ABA Therapy Program Involve?
After we have discussed the strategies of ABA therapy and how they successfully work, it’s time to discuss the importance of ABA therapy program along with what more is included in it.
Undoubtedly, one ABA therapy program is not considered as ‘one size fits all’. For this reason, a thorough research takes place where different behaviors are discussed along with how to reinforce and apply change in them. Each program is designed to meet the requirements and needs of the individual learner or group class.
To determine whether programs are useful for the enhancement of a person or not, different planning and assessment is done individually for successful results.
The Planning And Assessment
An assessment plan is manufactured by a qualified and trained behavior analyst to directly oversee strategies that could be useful for individuals with different needs. They customize each program and assessment according to the skills, needs, interests, consequences, and preferences of the individual.
For this planning and approach, the trainer first identifies and undergoes a detailed assessment of the individual to learn about them. The treatment options and plans are then concluded based on the person’s ability and level of certain things that include their social skills, communication skills, motor skills, academic and language skills, learning and self care abilities, and so on.
Philosophy Applied For Techniques
The trainer of an individual also uses a variety of different techniques and procedures for the overall learning program. One of the main things that is included in the techniques is to stay in touch with the individual’s family or caregivers.
On behalf of the individual and how not to trigger the person, they receive plans and training as well so they can support their learning and positive change. They learn to identify opportunities that can help the individual learn more and practice better throughout the day. This can happen naturally as well as in a planned manner. This way the learner receives a positive and productive environment .